flexiblefullpage - default
interstitial1 - interstitial
Currently Reading

Framing With Thick ZIPs

Advertisement
billboard -

Framing With Thick ZIPs

This cold-climate wall system allows for smooth old-to-new transitions and incorporates a flush-framed deck ledger detail


By By Michael Anschel June 11, 2018
framing with thick zips
This article first appeared in the June 2018 issue of Pro Remodeler.

For a large gut rehab and addition in Minneapolis, Minn., we came up with a framing and insulation system that uses Huber’s ZIP System R-12 Sheathing, which has two inches of polyisocyanurate foam laminated to ½-inch ZIP wall sheathing. The system has several advantages: 

• It allows us to build with 2x4s, which are lighter, a little less expensive than 2x6s, and definitely faster to work with.

• It eliminates the need for housewrap because the water-resistive barrier (WRB) is built-in to the ZIP sheathing.

• It incorporates a pressure-balanced, ventilated rainscreen.

• It eliminates the need for a plastic sheeting vapor retarder on the heated side of the wall.

• It achieves an effective R-28, with R-12 rigid foam on the exterior and R-12 open- or closed-cell spray polyurethane foam (SPF) on the interior. 

• It keeps old and new exterior planes aligned. 

Here’s how we build it.

In Plane 

The new 2x4 exterior walls overlap the foundation by ½-inch so that the 3-inch-thick XPS foam board coming up on the outside of the foundation will plane out perfectly with the 2½-inch-thick R12 Sheathing panels [1]. While installing siding, we added a layer of coil stock to protect the foam from mechanical damage. 


[FOUNDATION TRANSITION]

1. 2x4 framing overhangs concrete foundation ½ inch
2. 3-inch-thick XPS foam board
3. 2½-inch-thick ZIP System R-12 Sheathing aligns flush with XPS; seam is taped
4. Slicker Classic rainscreen with bug screen termination 
5. Coil stock mechanical protection layer glued over XPS foam


By eliminating Z-flashings and other goofiness on the outside of the structure, this approach reduces the chances of making an error during installation. Plus, with this arrangement I can run the R-12 sheathing across the new framing and over top of the original exterior board sheathing without a jog or any indication of where the old work stops and the new work begins [2]. That solves one of the great challenges for remodelers: How do you hide the transition and make the addition look like part of the original house?

ZIP Sheathing Insulation

The ZIP sheathing provides a thermally-broken R-12, and the ZIP tapes and “Liquid Flash” should provide the air seal. But the panel seams are not perfect everywhere, so I use SPF in stud bays to fill in any remaing voids and gaps. This provides both a better air seal and the additional insulating value we need in a northern climate [3]. We keep the SPF at R-12 to R-14 by filling the stud bays about half full. This adds enough extra insulation to meet the needs in our climate while still keeping the condensation point to the exterior of the wall cavity.

A high-performance enclosure requires high-performance windows. We used triple-glazed Sierra Pacific H3 windows, which have U-factors ranging from 0.23 to 0.28 (about R-4.3 to R-3.6). Their unique vinyl frame houses solid-wood sashes, and is sandwiched between solid wood extension jambs on the inside and extruded aluminum on the outside. The unique material combination results in an off-the-charts Condensation Resistance (CR) factor of 69.

A Pressure-Balanced, Ventiliated Rainscreen

The secret sauce in the durability of this wall assembly is the pressure-balanced ventilated rain screen, which in this case is Benjamin Obdyke’s Slicker Classic rainscreen. (It will also work behind brick veneer, as would something like Mortairvent.) The reason I prefer these kinds of open-matrix products is twofold: 1) They are easy to install—one person with a hammer tacker and a knife can do it; and 2) they provide omnidirectional ventilation that can’t get blocked and requires no mental gymnastics to ensure the air keeps flowing. Strapping, by contrast, uses more materials, takes much longer to install, requires lots of thinking around windows and doors, can actually block the airflow, and requires venting under and over each window.


[DECK LEDGER DETAIL]

6. Fasten ZIP System R-12 Sheathing to framing
7. Seal joints with peel-and-stick membrane between wall plates, subfloor, and rim joist; extends over and adheres to face of ZIP panel below ledger
8. Add blocking so ledger is flush with ZIP panel
9. Install ZIP panels above padded-out ledger
10. Completely seal ledger under peel-and-stick membrane
11. Fasten joist hangers through membrane


Dealing with the Deck

We also had to deal with a deck ledger. Typically, that’s fastened on top of the sheathing and bumps out from the house, with flashing to direct water away from the house. With our system, however, the deck ledger is flush with the outer plane of the ZIP sheathing [4]. A single sheet of peel-and-stick membrane goes over the ledger, but it’s in-plane with the rest of the wall, with the ledger behind it. The joist hangers are mounted through the membrane, so there’s a good seal [5]. Where the siding meets the deck, all we have to do is keep the sun off the membrane—the water barrier is taken care of.

And that to me is beautiful—it’s clean and it’s simple.

Find more Building Science here


written by

Michael Anschel

Michael Anschel is president of Otogawa-Anschel Design + Build, in Minneapolis, and a founding board member of Minnesota Greenstar.


  • Submitted by john (not verified) on Fri, 07/15/2022 - 14:09

    Permalink

    We're building a new home and in a couple of weeks and Zip-R12 sheathing will be installed.  My question is around window openings.  Would it be better to leave the insulated sheathing short of the jack (trimmer) studs and use 2-7/16 x 1-1/2" furring boards on top of the jack studs so the window nailing flanges have solid wood to nail to or just nail though the 2-7/16" thick sheathing into the jack studs using 4" nails?  

    I'm concerned that the framers might not get the R-12 sheathing up tight to the furring boards and leave gaps that will need to be foamed before using Zip tape.  Huber says it's OK to nail through with 4" long nails around windows but my builder is concerned that the windows might not adhere long term to the wall and could move with any movements of the sheathing due to 2" of foam sandwiched between.  With furring boards, I'd lose the exterior insulation over the jack studs and top/bottom around all windows.  My builder doesn't think that's a big deal.  It's my call, of course.  My windows are very large with some 132" x 72" high.

    What did you do?

Add new comment

Plain text

  • No HTML tags allowed.
  • Web page addresses and email addresses turn into links automatically.
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.
  • CAPTCHA

    This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.

Related Stories

To Vent or Not to Vent a Home?

The Model ReModel 2022 remodeler must make a decision for the net-zero accessory dwelling unit

What is a Deep Energy Retrofit?

Model ReModel 2022 will undergo a deep energy retrofit—here's how.

How to Solve the Deck Ledger Problem in Fat Walls

Brick veneer and rigid exterior foam raise questions about deck ledger connections. We provide some answers.

How To Cut and Install Stair Stringers

Part 2 on the basics of building a straight run of stairs

3 Materials That May Forever Change the Home’s Makeup

With price spikes and shortages of traditional building materials, it may be time to start considering non-traditional ones

Cross-Linking: A New Glue

'Hyper glue' formula may increase the strength and corrosion resistance in materials typically held together by adhesives

How to Make Sure Flashing Tape Sticks

A look at what makes flashing tape so sticky and why the way you install it determines how well it stays stuck

Understanding Relative Humidity

How much moisture air can hold depends on the temperature, which is why they call it “relative humidity.” Here’s how it works and why it matters.

How and Where Radiant Barriers Work

Foil blocks heat transfer best if it stays clean, is adjacent to an airspace, and the delta is large enough. 

Making Room for Roof Insulation

Whether you use trusses or rafters, creating space above exterior walls will improve energy performance

Advertisement
boombox1 -
Advertisement
native1 -

More in Category




Advertisement
native2 -
Advertisement
halfpage1 -